Throughout the world a reduction in salt intake is recommended for people who have high blood pressure. Low salt intake is also recommended in many types of kidney diseases and sometimes for pregnant women who have edema (toxemia). High blood pressure increases the risk of stroke and heart attack.
Studies over the years, have shown that people have adapted and can remain healthy on sodium intakes of 200 mg. or even less. But with the advent of fast foods, convenience foods and processed foods, there has been an increasing trend in the salt consumption of people. The average consumption of sodium today amounts to about 8-15 gm. of salt (sodium chloride).
Apart from restricting the salt intake, the dietary potassium intake should also be increased as this will help in regulating blood pressure. Potassium is present mainly in fruits and vegetables. Including more fruits and vegetables helps to reduce the sodium intake and at the same time decreases the amount of saturated fat in the diet as well increases the fibre content.
Some tips to reduce Sodium intake: